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Amongst the 7 provinces in Nepal, province 4 (recently named as Gandaki Province) is one of the most promising provinces and more importantly, a renowned place for tourist destination for the people of Nepal as well as abroad. Pokhara, the province 4 headquarter, is world famous tourist place due to existence of Fewa Lake, Begnas Lake and opportunity to see the Annarnapurna, Fishtail & Dhaulagiri Himalayan Range. Also, this province is important from religious point of view too, where the world famous Muktinath Chhetra lies. Similarly, the province is observed to be economically viable since it can contribute in rural livelihood through promotion of tourism (Annapurna, Upper Mustang, Uppar Manang, Ghalegaun etc), Hydropower Projects and production of agricultural products. 

Table 1: Some Facts & Figures of Gandaki Province


21,733 sq km/21, 91, 781 hectors

(14.66% of total country’s area)

Mountain-5,819 sq km (26.8%)

Hill-14,604 sq km (67.2%)

Terai -1,310 sq km (6%)

Total population

24,03,014 (9.06% of total country's population)

Women population: 47.6 % (Population census) 2068

Population in Mountain/Himal: 19,990 (0.8%)

Population in Hill: 20, 72,162 (86.2%)

Population in Terai: 3, 10,864 (12.9%)

Population growth rate

0.33 % (Nepal-1.35%)

Population density

110/sq km: Mountain/Himal: 3; Hill: 142; Terai: 232

Population according to caste/ethnicity

Brahman: 21.5%, Magar (18.9%), Kshetri (13.4%), Gurung (11.4%), Kami (8.7), Newar (4.3%), Sarki (4.1%), Damai (3.9%), Tamang (2.1%), Tharu (1.7%), Other (10%)

Population under poverty line


Literacy rate

70.9 %



Main occupation

Agriculture (72.4% population)

Average Life expectancy

70 years

Drinking water access

91.58% HHs

Electricity access

85% Population (73 Local Governments, out of 85)

Forest coverage

7, 13,839 hector (32.6%)

Major rivers & streams

Kaligandaki, Budhigandaki, Marsyangdi, Modi, Madi, Daraudi, Seti, Aandhikhola, Badigad, Uttarganga

Major Lakes

Fewa lake, Begnas Lake, Rupa Lake, Tilicho Lake, Damodarkunda etc


Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Machhapuchre, Nilgiri, Manaslu, Ganesh Himal


Rare Earth Metal, Uranium (Gorkha); Iron and Khari Powder (Tanahun); Uranium & Salt (Mustang/Manang); Iron (Parvat/Nawalparasi); Khari powder (Myagdi)

Total Number of Districts

11 -Manang, Gorkha, Lamjung, Tanahun, Nawalparasi (Bardaghat –Susta East), Kaski, Syangja, Parvat, Baglung, Myagdi & Mustang

Total Local Governments

85 (1 Metropolitan City, 26 Municipalities and 58 Rural Municipalilties)

Total Ward Number


Electoral Constituencies

  • Provincial Assembly (60 seats: 36 FPTP +24 PR)

  • National Assembly (8 seats)

  • Province Assembly (36)

  • House of Representatives (18 seats)

Major Cities

Pokhara, Waling, Damauli, Kawasoti, Baglungbazaar, Kusma, Besisahar and Jomsom

Major Tourist and Religious Places

Annapurna and Manaslu Conservation Areas, Mustang, Kagbeni/Muktinath Chhetra, Dewaghat Chhetra, Dhorpatan, Manakamana/Bindabasini Temples, Gorkha Darwar, Ghalegaun, Fewa and Benas lakes,

Source: Wikipedia/Gandaki Province profile